瀕死體驗

據新華社報道,從事精神醫學臨牀工作40年的中國精神病醫學專家馮志穎說,「瀕死體驗」是由某些遭受嚴重創傷或疾病但意外地痊癒,或處於潛在毁滅性境遇中預感即將死亡而又僥倖脫險的人,所敘述的在死亡威脅下的深刻主觀體驗。

1976年唐山大地震10年後,馮志穎和同事對大地震中100名倖存者進行了「瀕死體驗」調查,收回有效調查數據81例。在調查中,近半數人產生意識從自身分離出去的感受,覺得自身形象脫離了自己的軀體,游離到空中。約三分之一的人有自身正在通過坑道或隧道之類的空間的奇特感受。約四分之一受訪者說,當時身體好像已經不屬於自己,身體各個部位散落在空間裏,接着好像沉在萬丈深淵裏,四周一片黑暗。

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3 thoughts on “瀕死體驗

  1. 頻死過程中的人似乎已經沒有一般的感覺,那麼,當時的體驗就不屬於五官所觸及的範疇。這樣,我們應該怎樣看待這些體驗呢?比如,當作是夢境?內省?投射?抑或甚麼?

  2. >當時的體驗就不屬於五官所觸及的範疇

    Quite true, and it is difficult to know exactly how to explain these experiences. Religious explanations say that people have souls that can leave the body. However, many scientists would say that the experiences are illusions due to special events in the brain. In fact, some researchers have successful recreated out-of-body experiences by stimulating certain parts of the brain. You can check out the references on this page – http://www3.hku.hk/philodep/joelau/wiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.Out-of-bodyExperiences

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